Bochum (North Rhine-Westphalia) This former mining settlement is a rather young scamp of a town by German standards, coming into existence in the 14th Century.
Bonn (North Rhine-Westphalia) The former capital of Germany (1949-1990), Bonn has a city centre dating back to the 1st Century B.C. when it was a Roman outpost.
Braunschweig (Lower Saxony) Braunschweig's history is hidden by the mist of the past but we do know one thing. They gave us one hell of a fine-tasting pate.
Celle (Lower Saxony) Celle has a Christmas market each year in the town centre.
Cologne (North Rhine-Westphalia) Yet another Roman settlement dating back to the 1st Century B.C., Cologne is a cultural centre for beer lovers.
Dresden (Saxony) This was the home of the Kings of Saxony, a centre for culture and arts for centuries. Dresden was fire-bombed to its foundations during WWII. Since the war, Dresden has rebuilt and regained the cultural heritage of its distant past.
Dusseldorf (North Rhine-Westphalia) A former fishing village in the Middle Ages, Dusseldorf in now a major industrial city specializing in fashion, telecommunications and advertising.
Frankfurt (Hesse) This large, industrial city in Germany gave us the term frankfurter in 1852, it is also a city of banking, culture and trade in Germany.
Hamburg (Schleswig-Holstein) The town of Hamburg grew up around a castle built by Emperor Charlemagne in 808 A.D. It has an important aerospace industry and is a major sea harbour in Europe.
Heidelberg (Baden-Wurttemberg) Heidelberg is home to one of the world's oldest learning institutions, the University of Heidelberg, founded in 1386. This was approximately 250 years before Harvard was established but Heidelberg lagged behind Oxford by some 137 years.
Leipzig (Saxony) Leipzig, long a centre of commerce, has the oldest, still active trade fair in the world.
Munich (Bavaria) Munich has its roots as a popular German town in the early 12th Century when a permanent settlement was established but it can trace its history back to Roman encampments in the area.
Nuremberg (Bavaria) Long associated with science and humanism, Nuremberg took on a more sinister role during WWII and later became the seat of judgment for war crimes.
Rothenburg (Bavaria) Rothenburg has one of the best-preserved, medieval, walled cities in Europe.
Stuttgart (Baden-Wurttemberg) Stuttgart is a major industrial town in Germany with companies such as Porsche, IBM and DaimlerChrysler located there.
Weimar (Thuringia) Weimar is considered by some as the cultural centre of Germany. It abounds in museums, art galleries and performing arts theatres.
Wuerzburg (Bavaria) This city, destroyed by Allied bombing during WWII and subsequently restored, dates back 3,000 years when the Celts controlled much of Europe.